I’m an adult,
twenty-five years old…am I obliged to learn the rules for reciting the Qurʾān as
well as fiqh or are they sunnah? As
a young Muslim, what is the minimum that I am obligated to learn?
Praise be to Allah, and He suffices, and peace be upon His Chosen
It is obligatory upon every human being to know what he is obliged
to learn in order to carry out his prayers, his zakāt, his fasting and his Ḥajj, as
these are all individual obligations. The person who prays must have
proficiency in the Fātiḥah and well as some sūrahs through which his
prayer is validated. Likewise, with other matters of fiqh, it depends on
what is needed. Thus, the merchant must know the rulings regarding trade,
and partnerships before
entering the market. The person who does not own any wealth is not compelled to
know the details of zakāt with regards to himself, and all rulings must be
learned from Muslims who are proficient in such matters and specialise therein.
(tn): bāligh. The source for the picture is here.
(tn): i.e. recommended in the Revealed Law, which is synonymous with words like
mandūb and mustaḥabb.
(tn): For the Shāfiʿīs,
the obligation includes ʿUmrah. Please
see Al-Baqarah 2:196 as well as Sūrat
Al-Tawbah 9:3, in which Allah refers to Ḥajj
as Al-Hajj Al-Akbar, or the greater Ḥajj.
If there is a greater Ḥajj then
there must be a great Ḥajj, or Al-Hajj
Al-Kabīr, which would be ʿUmrah. Thus, both Ḥajj and ʿUmrah
must be performed once in a Muslim’s lifetime.