Monday, 23 January 2017

Sharīʿah and Ḥaqīqah

Simple clarification of that which is seemingly made complex

الجاثية 45:18

What is the difference between ash-sharīʿah[1] and al-ḥaqīqah?[2]

Answer (Imam Wahbah az-Zuaylī):

Ḥaqīqah is witnessing the secrets of Lordship, and it is derived from the Sharīʿah. Thus, the Sharīʿah is the foundation and the Ḥaqīqah is the branch that is extracted from the Sharīʿah. The Ḥaqīqah is knowledge of the attributes of the heart, and the people of Ḥaqīqah have a strong concern and interest in them. The people of Sharīʿah are more concerned with the decisive rulings of the Revealed Law. They differ in terms of interest and concern for knowledge of the attributes of the heart, and in reality that is not a difference of opinion between the two groups.

[Translated from Fatāwā Muʿāṣirah (Damascus: Dār al-Fikr, 1427/2006), p.270-271]

[1] (tn): i.e. the Revealed Law
[2] (tn): i.e. the reality, or the truth

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